Project Management is a well-defined task, which is a collection of several operations to be done in order to achieve a target (for example, software development and delivery).
Project Management service managed by the project manager. They allowed the service like planning, scheduling, resource allocation, execution, tracking for software development.
Introduction To Project Management
Project Management requires multiple plans for testing, updating, and customer feedback.
Most Information Technology-related projects are managed in the agile project management style. It focuses on the pace of business and iterate based on the customer.
The software project is a way of defining software development. That procedure happens by the SDLC (Software Development Life Cycle) is the project management life cycle like planning, designing, coding, testing, and maintaining.
These are the project management steps for software development. This process is to be apply for quality development work, etc.
Importance Of Project Management Software
1) Requirement Analysis And Specification
There are serval resources needs to make quality software like the quality developer they can make the proper execution of the software. project management tools that can help to easily manipulate the software project. This role recommended by the project manager.
Before developing any software, the analysis should be clear for software project development. Like software cost, design, coding, maintenance cost.
These are important tasks. So, we require enough whole analysis. Therefore, we can implement profitable software by decent Analysis.
The design should be like user interaction. Because of The making of successful software we necessary user interaction design.
It also requires responsible design. Because of 60%-70%, peoples are using mobile instead of desktop.
3) Coding And Testing
Coding should be easy to use. Because easy coding is difficult to read the code for hacking. Easy Coding is much helpful to understand about the specific software. So, It’s may create positive for peoples.
4) Integration And System Testing
We essential the many resources included in the management of the project. So, we require integration to become a powerful software for industry.
Also, The need of testing to be careful about any error or about How Strong Are Programming Code.
Software project management typically encourages product testing to find and fix bugs or errors early. And adjust the end product to the customer’s needs and keep the project on target.
The project manager is responsible for ensuring proper and consistent testing, evaluation and fixes are being made.
The project planning is the first priority of software projects According to the SDLC process. There is be being with communication between the organization team member and project manager.
They put all the thought of each member. Therefore, they make large information about software and choose the best quality information.
It will define the scope, allocate necessary resources to propose the timeline and also delineate the plan for execution, layout a communication strategy and indicate the steps for testing and maintenance.
Leading: A project manager will essential project management process groups to lead and assembler for software development which likely will consist of developers, analysts, testers, graphic designers, and technical writers. This requires excellent communication and leadership of skilled peoples.
That involves, the estimation server, characteristic of the project and planning. The project activity based on the estimation made.
The project planning is undertaken immediately after the feasibility study face. It consists of following essential activity.
Estimation of various measures like size, cost, duration, effort, etc.
Budget: Like traditional project managers are tasked with creating a budget for a project. Then, sticking to it as closely as possible, moderating spend and reallocating funds where is necessary.
After the estimation is made the scheduling for main power and other resources have to be developed.
Time Management: Staying on schedule is crucial to the successful completion of any software. But It’s particularly challenging when it comes to managing software development work. Because changes to the original plan are almost certain to occur as the project evolves.
Project managers must be experts in risk management and contingency planning to ensure forward progress when roadblocks or changes occur.
Staff Organization And Staffing plans have to be made.
The staff serves the organization by indirectly supporting line functions. The staff consisted of staff personnel and staff managers.
Staff personnel uses their technology to assist line personnel and aid top management in various business activities.
4) Time Cost Quality:-
The Time of cost is established. Because the organization focused on the current market value of software. Therefore, the time may be profit for software development.
Some time The software organization team member may delay the software when the software value is going down in the market.
5) Risk management:-
Risk identification, Risk Analysis, and statement planning have to be done.
Risk identification is a process of listing potential project risks and their characteristics.
The results of risk identification are normally documented by the risk register. Which includes a list of identified risks along with their sources, potential risk responses, risk categories, etc.
A Risk assessment involves identifying the insecurity in workplace.
6) Miscellaneous Plan:-
This plan is like Serval other plans such as quality accurate plan, config management plan.
Configuration Management Plan to ensure its effective implementation by all projects and business change managers. Accurate recording of the test status is much important when the products from different projects combined.
The project manager will participate in and supervise the successful execution of each stage of the project. This includes monitoring progress, frequent team check-ins and creating status reports.
How to do the management of project for software development successfully?
A recent article in Forbes suggests that there are eight ways to improve the streamline for the project management process. These eight suggestions include:
1) Take non-development work off your team’s plate to let them focus on developing
2) Motivating your team by sharing others’ success stories—like those of tech giants, which will inspire and excite your team
3) Avoid altering task once, when It assigned
4) Try to stick to the plan
5) Encouraging the organization by being organized
6) Streamline productivity through effective delegation
7) Get to know your team and build a rapport
8) Break down the plan and give them specific daily tasks
Configuration Management is the process of tracking and controlling changes in terms of software requirements, software design, functions, and development.
IEEE is the best project management tool. That tool developed by ANSI (American National Standard Institute) organization. IEEE defined the best path of the “process of identifying and defining” in the system.
It also made controlling the changes of these throughout the SDLC process. It may have recorded and reporting the status of that and change requests, and verifying the completeness and correctness of that”.
ANSI has launched the lastest IEEE version for quality project development.
Commonly, once the SRS (Software Requirement Specification) is finalized that there is less chance of requirement of changes from the user. The changes are addressed for approval of higher management.
The phases of the project management are considered over if there is baselined. for example, the baseline is a measurement that defines the completeness of phases.
The phase is baselined when all activities participated in finished and well documented. If that was not the final phase. The output would be used in the next immediate phase.
Software Configuration Management is getting the discipline of administration which takes care of the occurrence of any change like for process, requirement, technological, strategical. After then, the phases are baselined.
If the organization disappointed with some activities. They may be recommended for changing to resolved these activities for making more quality of the software. You can follow here the changes in the software.
Identification – The change request being from either internal or external sources. When a change request is identified formally, that is properly documented.
Validation – Validity of the change request is checked until the handling procedure is confirmed.
Analysis – The impact of the request is analyzed in terms of schedule, cost and required efforts. The overall impact of the prospective is changed on system analysis.
Control – If the prospective changes either in too many entities of the system. That is mandatory to take the approval of high authorities before the change is incorporated into the system.
It is decided if the changes are worth incorporation or not. If it is not, the change request is refused formally.
Execution – If the previous phase determined to execute the change request. That phase can take appropriate actions to execute the change. It does a thorough revision if necessary.
Close request – The changes are verified for the correct implementation and merging with the rest of the system. This newly incorporated change in the software is documented properly and the request is formally is closed.
Project Management Charter Sample
This project charts may have helped to the analysis of the software project management process. That also helps to observe the risk factor, errors in software development. You can see below project management charts and diagrams.
Gantt charts were developed by Henry Gantt in the year of 1917. That’s applying the scheduling task in a given period. That represents the activity in horizontal According to the software development process.
Program Evaluation & Review Technique chart is the tool that depicts the project as a network diagram. That is capable of graphically representing the main events of the project in both ways as parallel and consecutive.
Events, which occur one after another. That shows the dependency of the later event over the previous one. The Events are shown as numbered nodes. That is connected by the labeled arrows of depicting sequences in tasks of the project.
This is a graphical tool. It contains the chart. that represents the number of required resources over time for a project event. Resource Histogram is an effective event tool for staff planning and coordination.
Histograms Table And Histograms Chart
Histograms Chart is useful for recognizing the interdependent tasks in product development. The Histograms Table helps to find out the shortest path or critical path to complete the process of the software successfully.
Such as the PERT diagram, each event is allotted in a specific time of the frame. This tool will show the dependency of event assuming and can proceed to next only. if the previous one is completed.
The events are arranged by their easiest possible start time. The path between start and end node is a critical path that cannot be further reduced and all events require to be executed in the same order.
Software Maintainance is an important part of the SDLC process. It used for modification and updating software after deliver the software. There are so many reasons, why updation and modification are needed. You can follow below
Market Costs – Which may consider as How Much Resource Cost In Market. It changed time to time and also, depended on the marketer.
Customer Requirement – Customers can ask for a new feature and to add some more in the software.
Host Modification – Software should be accepted for customer hosts like the operating systems for windows, mac, and Linux. So, software should be worked for customer hosts.
Organization Change – if a customer is not satisfied with the works like less organization strength. The customer can hire another company.
Types Of Software Maintainance
In software till the end, Maintenance Types may be based on its nature. That can be as routine tasks like discovered bugs, handled the large events on maintenance size. You can follow here some characteristics:
Corrective Maintenance – This may apply for modification and updating in order to fix the problem in software development which is either found by the user or concluded by the user error report.
Adaptive Maintenance – It may be used for modification and updating to applied and keep products up to date and turn to ever-changing product performance for business purposes.
Perfective Maintenance – That may include in order to keep the product useable over a long time and with new features, with a new user requirement for refinding the product and improve its reliability performance.
Cost Maintenance – The cost of maintenance is depended on resources for SDLC phases. A 67% cost is used for maintenance during the SDLC process.
Chart Cost Maintenance – The 50% cost is used for software phases like Gantt Chart, Pert Chart and Other.
The question is been: What Is Re-Engineering, Is It Part Of Development?
Re-Engineering is ordered to obtain the specification of existing software.
For example, Restructure Of Program such as changing in function or method into the program of programming language.
There are a few important terms used in software re-engineering.
Why Require Reverse Engineering For Software Development?
That is achieved by the specification of software by thoroughly analyzing and understanding the existing system. This process started after the SDLC process done to get a successfully high abstraction level.
The reverse engineering checks the SDLC process again like implemented design, Is Design Well Optimized According To User Interaction?, Does Design Code Well Executed?
That is a process to re-built the existing software. That’s rearranging the source code either in the same programming language or from one programming to another programming.
The restructuring may have either source code restructuring or data restructuring. That only changed for should be the reliable functionality of coding. and Program Components, which cause errors very frequently may be updated and changed with Re-structuring the program.
The forward engineering is a process of obtaining the desired software from the specification in hand which bought down by means of reverse engineering.
This is the same process of engineering. only one difference is there that is carried forward after reverse engineering in the SDLC process.
For example: In Object-Oriented Programming, The objects are very specific to concern and fewer changes to be used in some other place.
In Modular Programming, the modules are to perform in specific tasks that may have used in some other place.
Project Management Courses
Google FAQ Questions
Project Management is important in any IT industry. Because You know that, To be a success in life, planning is essential for everybody.
Project Management is crucial in developing software. It is also part of software engineering.
The Software Project Manager handles the SDLC process. That applies various tasks like scheduling, required quality developer member, execute and finish time, needed resources, etc. The project manager is to instruct all team members about software.
Project Managers also need to take care of developing effective software.