Software Project Management is a well-defined task, which is a collection of several operations to be done in order to achieve a target (for example, software development and delivery). a project can be classified as:
- Each project should be a unique and distinct goal.
- Software project comes with a start time and end time.
- The project ends when the target is achieved.
- Project essential adequate resources in terms of time, manpower, finance, material, and knowledge-bank.
Project Management service managed by the project managers. They allowed the service like planning, scheduling, resource allocation, execution, tracking for software development.
You can see this article to What Resources Are Require To Make a Profitable Software. This article will help you to know about How To Develop a Profitable Software?. You can see here.
Introduction To Software Project Management
To define Software Project Management, we requires multiple plans for testing, updating, and customer feedback.
Most Information Technology-related projects are managed in the agile software project management style. It focuses on the pace of business and iterate based on the customer.
The software project is a way of defining software development. That procedure happens by the SDLC (Software Development Life Cycle) process of software project management like planning, designing, coding, testing, and maintaining.
This process is to be step by step. After the done of this project, This process is to be re-apply to check for software quality, development work, etc.
Importance Of Software Project Management
1) Requirement Analysis And Specification
There are serval resource needs to make a quality software like the quality developer. they can make the proper execution of the software. we can use important tools that can help to easily manipulate the software project. This role recommended by the project manager.
Before developing any software, the analysis should be clear for software project development such as software cost, design, coding, maintenance cost.
These are important tasks. we require enough whole analysis. therefore, we can implement profitable software by decent Analysis.
The design should be user friendly. Because we require necessary user interaction design to make successful software.
It also requires responsible design. Because of 60%-70%, peoples are using mobile instead of desktop according to google search.
3) Coding And Testing
Coding should be easy to use. Because easy coding is difficult to read the code like hacking. Easy Coding is much helpful to understand about the specific software. So, It’s may create positive for peoples.
4) Integration And System Testing
We essential the many resources included in the development of the software project. So, we require integration to become a powerful software for industry.
software project management typically encourages software testing to find and fix bugs or errors early.
The software project manager is responsible for ensuring proper and consistent testing like for evaluation and error fixes are being made.
Software Project Planning
The project planning is the first priority of software projects according to the SDLC process. there is be being with communication between the organization team member and project manager.
They put all the thought of each member. therefore, they can make information about software and choose the best quality information.
It will define the scope, allocate necessary resources to propose the timeline and also delineate the plan for execution, layout a communication strategy and indicate the steps for testing and maintenance.
Leading: A project manager will essential project team to lead and assembler for product development which likely will consist of developers, analysts, testers, graphic designers, and technical writers. This requires excellent communication and leadership of skilled peoples.
That involves, the estimation server, characteristic of the project and planning.
The project planning is undertaken immediately after the feasibility study face. It consists of following essential activity.
Estimation of various measures like size, cost, duration, effort, etc.
Budget: Like traditional project managers, product managers are tasked with creating a budget for a project.
After the estimation is made, the scheduling for main power and other resources have to be develop.
Time Management: schedule is crucial to the successful completion of software. But It’s particularly challenging when it comes to managing product development work. Because changes to the original plan are almost certain to occur as the project evolves.
Product managers must be experts in risk management and contingency planning to ensure forward progress when roadblocks or changes occur.
Staff Organization and Staffing plans have to be made.
The staff serves the organization by indirectly supporting line functions. The staff consisted of staff personnel and staff managers.
Staff personnel uses their technology to assist line personnel and aid top management in various business activities.
4) Time Cost Quality:-
The Time of cost is established. Because the organization focused on the current market value of software. therefore, the time may be profit for product development.
Some time, The software organization team member may delay the software when the software value is going down in the market.
5) Risk management:-
Risk identification, Risk Analysis, and statement planning have to be done. The Risk identification is a process of listing potential project risks and their characteristics.
The results of risk identification are normally documented by the risk register. Which includes a list of identified risks along with their sources, potential risk responses, risk categories, etc.
A Risk assessment involves identifying the insecurity in your workplace. You must Then, analyze this insecurity to determine if they present a risk. That could harm someone.
6) Miscellaneous Plan:-
This plan is like Serval other plans such as quality accurate plan, config management plan.
Configuration Management Plan to ensure its effective implementation by all projects and business change managers. Accurate recording of the test status is much important when the products from different projects combined.
The project manager will participate in and supervise the successful execution of each stage of the project. This includes monitoring progress, frequent team check-ins and creating status reports.
How to manage a software project successfully?
A recent article in Forbes suggests that there are eight ways to improve the streamline for the software project management process. These eight suggestions include:
- Take non-development work off your team’s plate to let them focus on developing
- Motivating your team by sharing others’ success stories—like those of tech giants, which will inspire and excite your team
- Avoid altering task once, when It assigned
- Try to stick to the plan
- Encouraging the organization by being organized
- Streamline productivity through effective delegation
- Get to know your team and build a rapport
- Break down the plan and give them specific daily tasks
Configuration Management is the process of tracking and controlling changes in terms of software requirements, software design, functions, and development.
IEEE is the best tool for software project development. That tool developed by ANSI (American National Standard Institute) organization. IEEE defined the best path of the “process of identifying and defining” in the system.
It also made controlling the changes of these throughout the SDLC process. It may have recorded and reporting the status of that and change requests, and verifying the completeness and correctness of that”.
ANSI has launched the lastest IEEE version for quality product development.
Commonly, once the SRS (Software Requirement Specification) is finalized that there is less chance of requirement of changes from the user. The changes are addressed for approval of higher management.
The phase of the Software Development Life Cycle is considered over if there is baselined. for example, the baseline is a measurement that defines completeness of phase.
The phase is baselined when all activities participated in finished and well documented. If that was not the final phase, that output would be used in the next immediate phase.
Software Configuration Management is getting the discipline of administration. which takes care of the occurrence of any change like for process, requirement, technological, strategical. After then, the phases are baselined.
If the organization disappointed with some activities. They may be recommended for changing to resolved these activities for making more quality of the product. You can follow here the changes in the product.
Identification – The change request being from either internal or external sources. When a change request is identified formally, that is properly documented.
Validation – Validity of the change request is checked until the handling procedure is confirmed.
Analysis – The impact of the request is analyzed in terms of schedule, cost and required efforts. The overall impact of the prospective is changed on system analysis.
Control – If the prospective changes either in too many entities of system or it are unavoidable. That is mandatory to take the approval of high authorities before the change is incorporated into the system.
It is decided if the changes are worth incorporation or not. If it is not, the change request is refused formally.
Execution – If the previous phase determined to execute the change request. That phase can take appropriate actions to execute the change. It does a thorough revision if necessary.
Close request – The changes are verified for the correct implementation and merging with the rest of the system. This newly incorporated change in the software is documented properly and the request is formally is closed.
Software Project Management Tools
This project tool may have helped to the analysis of the software project management process. That also helps to observe the risk factor, errors in software development. You can see these activities and follow them.
Gantt charts were developed by Henry Gantt in the year of 1917. That’s applying the scheduling task in a given period. That represents the activity in horizontal According to the software development process.
Program Evaluation & Review Technique chart is the tool that depicts the project as a network diagram. That is capable of graphically representing the main events of the project in both ways as parallel and consecutive.
Events, which occur one after another. That shows the dependency of the later event over the previous one. The Events are shown as numbered nodes. That is connected by the labeled arrows of depicting sequences in tasks of the project.
This is a graphical tool. It contains the chart. that represents the number of required resources over time for a project event. Resource Histogram is an effective event tool for staff planning and coordination.
Histograms Table And Histograms Chart
Histograms Chart is useful for recognizing the interdependent tasks in product development. The Histograms Table helps to find out the shortest path or critical path to complete the process of the product successfully.
Such as the PERT diagram, each event is allotted in a specific time of the frame. This tool will show the dependency of event assuming and can proceed to next only. if the previous one is completed.
The events are arranged by their easiest possible start time. The path between start and end node is a critical path that cannot be further reduced and all events require to be executed in the same order.
Software Maintenance is an important part of the SDLC process. It used for modification and updating product development after delivery of the product. There are so many reasons, why updating and modification needed. You can follow below
Market Costs – Which may consider as How Much Resource Cost In Market. It changed time to time and also, depended on the marketer.
Customer Requirement – Customers can ask for a new feature and to add some more in the product.
Host Modification – Software should be accepted for customer hosts like the operating systems for windows, mac, and Linux. So, software should be worked for customer hosts.
Organization Change – if a customer is not satisfied with the works like less organization strength. The customer can hire another company.
Types Of Software Maintenance
In software till the end, Maintenance Types may be based on its nature. That can be as routine tasks like discovered bugs, handled the large events on maintenance size. You can follow here some characteristics:
Corrective Maintenance – This may apply for modification and updating in order to fix the problem in product development. which are either found by the user or concluded by the user error report.
Adaptive Maintenance – It may be used for modification and updating to applied and keep products up to date and turn to ever-changing product performance for business purposes.
Perfective Maintenance – That may include in order to keep the product useable over a long time and with new features, with a new user requirement for refining the product and improve its reliability performance.
Cost Maintenance – The cost of maintenance is depended on resources for SDLC phases. A 67% cost is used for maintenance during the SDLC process.
Chart Cost Maintenance – The 50% cost is used for software phases like Gantt Chart, Pert Chart and Other.
The question is been: What Is Re-Engineering, Is It Part Of Development?
Re-Engineering is ordered to obtain the specification of an existing product.
For example, Restructure Of Program such as changing in function or method into the program of programming language.
There are some few important terms used in software re-engineering
Why Require Reverse Engineering For Software Development?
That is achieved by the specification of software by thoroughly analyzing and understanding the existing system. This process started after the SDLC process done to get a successfully high abstraction level.
The reverse engineering checks the SDLC process again like implemented design, Is Design Well Optimized According To User Interaction?, Does Design Code Well Executed?
That is a process to re-built the existing software. That’s rearranging the source code either in the same programming language or from one programming to another programming.
The restructuring may have either source code restructuring or data restructuring. That only changed for should be the reliable functionality of coding. and Program Components, which cause errors very frequently may be updated and changed with Re-structuring the program.
The forward engineering is a process of obtaining the desired software from the specification in hand which bought down by means of reverse engineering.
This is the same process of engineering. only one difference is there that is carried forward after reverse engineering in the SDLC process.
For example: In Object-Oriented Programming, The objects are very specific to concern and fewer chances to be used in some other place.
In Modular Programming, the modules are to perform in specific tasks that may have used in some other place.
In Most Cases website development, mobile application development such as Android, iPhone Application, Any Hardware Software like a sensor, etc.
There's often focus on the current market value and future market value for quality software. Accordingly, they make a strategy for the best software.
Software Project Management is the process of the project manager by step by step process like planning, designing, coding, executing and testing for developing quality software.
Software project management Is important in any IT industry to make profitable software. Because we know that, To be a success in life, planning is essential for everybody.
Software Project Management is a crucial tool in developing a project. Thus, every company should implement it in its system. It is also part of software engineering.
The Software Project Manager handles the SDLC process. That applies various tasks like scheduling, required quality developer member, execute and finish time, needed resources, etc. The project manager is to instruct all team members to reach till software end.
Project Managers also need to take advantage of the effectiveness of project management software to ensure. they are carrying it to become successful.
The tasks should be also utilized to complete before the set deadlines.
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